What is the primary goal of the final stage of rehabilitation?

The final step in the rehabilitation process is to work to restore function. To effectively restore the patient to pre-injury levels of function, it is important to address higher-level capabilities to reduce the risk of re-injury. The last step in rehabilitation is to recover the specific function of sport and return to play. This phase of injury rehabilitation may include restoring coordination and balance, improving speed, agility and sport-specific abilities, moving from simple to complex.

Goal setting is used to direct rehabilitation interventions toward a specific outcome or outcomes, and can result in greater client satisfaction and better recovery. Establishing shared goals can also coordinate members of the multidisciplinary team and ensure that they work together toward a common goal and that nothing important is missed. The objectives can also be used to evaluate the success of rehabilitation interventions. Objectives include limiting tissue damage, relieving pain, controlling the inflammatory response to injury, and protecting the affected area.

At this stage of rehabilitation, it's important to avoid pain and swelling, as they can further aggravate the injured area and prevent the body from repairing itself. The need for rehabilitation affects all age groups, although the type, level and objectives of rehabilitation usually vary according to age. People with chronic disabilities, often older people, have different goals than younger people with a temporary disability (such as a fracture or burn). For example, the goal of an older person who has severe heart failure and has had a stroke may be to regain the ability to perform as many self-care activities, such as eating, dressing, bathing, moving from bed to a chair, going to the bathroom, and controlling bladder and bowel function, whatever.

possible. The goal of a younger person who has had a fracture is usually to recover all functions as quickly as possible and to participate in vigorous physical activity. While age alone is no reason to alter the goals or intensity of rehabilitation, the presence of other basal disorders or limitations may be. For example, setting daily and weekly goals in the rehabilitation process that result in a long-term goal, such as returning to play after an injury.

There is a growing amount of literature dedicated to supporting theories, methods and evidence for goal setting in rehabilitation. The ultimate goal of the rehabilitation process is to limit the extent of the injury, reduce or reverse functional deterioration and loss, and prevent, correct, or completely eliminate disability. While it's often said that goals should be “SMART” (an acronym that originated in the business world of the 1980s), this guide may have limited value in rehabilitation. Read more, and limb amputation rehabilitation after limb amputation Before surgery, a surgeon, prosthetist and physical therapist discuss plans and goals with the person requiring the amputation.

The main goal of inpatient rehabilitation after a moderate to severe traumatic brain injury is for the patient to improve their physical and cognitive function. A meaningful goal can maximize patient participation and motivate the patient to participate in rehabilitation to achieve their goals. The rehabilitation team works closely with the athlete and coach to establish rehabilitation goals, analyze the progress resulting from the various interventions, and establish the time frame for athletes to return to training and competition. The fifth and final phase of rehabilitation is to ensure that the athlete has a full functional recovery.

Restoring function and independence lost by injury, illness, surgery, stroke, or other medical events is one of the main goals of short-term rehabilitation. Therefore, the content and delivery of any rehabilitation program must be aligned with the client's personal goals in order to be effective; without its “acceptance”, it will fail. Goal setting helps health professionals plan their interventions for what is best or most significant for the patient rather than what is in the best interest of health professionals (when there are differences). To achieve this goal, you'll work with a multidisciplinary team of rehabilitation professionals to first identify your individual therapy and treatment needs, and then address them through a personalized treatment plan.

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Blanche Taboada
Blanche Taboada

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